It has been proposed that these prophecies were simply read and known by Jesus, then He set out to “self-fulfill” them. Is that possible? Remember, there were many claiming to be Christ. Consider how these prophecies could have been fulfilled by an imposter:
- Born in Bethlehem
- Raised in Nazareth
- Escaped a massacre
- Fled to Egypt
- Ancestor of David and Jesse
- Chose His own crucifixion???
- Determined His bones would not be broke???
- Caused the betrayal of Judas? The abandonment by His disciples? The price of His betrayal? He caused Judas to return the money and hang himself? A potters field purchased?
- Born of a virgin
- Died at exactly the moment of Passover
- Caused the sun to go black, an earthquake, dead to rise up out of their grave and the temple veil to tear in two
- Performed countless miracles
- Rose from the dead!!!!????
V. The Events of Jesus Death & Resurrection
After three years of teaching, Jesus instructed His disciples to bring Him a certain young donkey, one that had never been ridden, and He sat on it. Then as He rode toward Jerusalem, a huge crowd began to rejoice and loudly praise God for all the mighty works which they had seen.
They called out, “Hosanna! Blessed be the King that comes in the name of the Lord: peace in heaven, and glory in the highest.” But when Jesus neared the city, he looked at it and cried over it because the people still did not recognize him as the promised Savior.
Then Satan entered into Judas Iscariot, one of Jesus’ twelve disciples, and Judas conspired with the chief priests and captains about how he might betray Jesus. They were glad, and agreed to give him thirty pieces of silver to inform them of a time and a place they could capture Jesus when there were no crowds around Him.
Jesus knew that His hour to die had come, so He gathered His disciples together for a Passover dinner. As they ate, Jesus took bread, blessed it, broke it, gave it to them, saying, “Take, eat: this is My body, broken for you. This do in remembrance of Me.” And He took a cup, and when He had given thanks, he gave it to them; and they all drank. And He said to them, “This is my blood of the new covenant, which is shed for many for the forgiveness of sins. But I say unto you, I will not any more drink of the fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it again with you in My Father’s kingdom.”
Jesus said, “Don’t let yourselves be upset: you believe in God, believe also in Me. In my Father’s house are many mansions, and I am going there to prepare a place for you. And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come back again to get you, so that you can be with Me. And you know where I am going and you know the way to get there.”
But Thomas said, “Lord, we don’t know where you’re going, so how could we know the way?”
Jesus answered, “I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man comes to the Father except through me.”
That evening, Jesus also warned the disciples of difficult times to come. He said, “If the world hates you, remember that it hated Me before it hated you. He that hates Me, hates My Father also.”
After supper, Jesus walked to a garden called Gethsemane for a time of prayer. His disciples followed Him to this secluded place.
After His prayer, the chief priests and captains of the temple and the elders arrived there, looking for Jesus. Judas, who had just eaten with Him, was leading the group. Jdas approached Jesus, greeting Him with a kiss of betrayal.
Suddenly, Jesus identified himself to the mob by saying,
“I AM.” The crowd went backwards and fell to the ground.
After that, Jesus allowed himself to be tied up and brought into the high priest’s house.
The temple officers who held Jesus ridiculed Him and spit in His face. And when they had blindfolded Him, they punched Him and slapped Him on the face, and then said, “Prophesy you holy man. Who hit you?”
Early the next morning, the crowd led Jesus to the Roman governor, Pilate. And they began to accuse Him, saying, “We found this fellow corrupting our Jewish nation.”
But after questioning Jesus, Pilate told the chief priests, the rulers and the people; “He has done nothing worthy of death. I’ll just order Him to be beaten and then release Him.” But they called out all at once, saying, “Get rid of this man. Crucify Him. Crucify Him.”
Pilate, wanting to satisfy the people, had Jesus brutally whipped, and then turned Him over to be crucified.
The Roman soldiers braided a mock crown of thorns, placing it on His head, and they put a purple robe on Him. They said, “Hail, King of the Jews!” And they beat Him with their fists.
Afterwards they took Jesus and led Him away, making Him carry a wooden cross up to a place called Calvary, also known as Golgotha or the place of a skull.
There in the same area, where many years before God had told Abraham to sacrifice his only beloved son Isaac, they nailed Jesus, God’s only beloved son, to the cross.
As they did this, Jesus said, “Father, forgive them; they don’t know what they are doing.”
While Jesus hung between two criminals who were also being executed, soldiers took His clothes, gambling for His robe, which fulfilled the prophetic words spoken by David.
For three hours, the people watched. The rulers with them mocked Jesus, saying, “He saved others; let Him save Himself if He is the Christ, the chosen of God.” Then a darkness came on the land which stayed for three more hours as the prophet’s words were fulfilled: “The Lord laid the sins of us all on Him.”
Jesus then cried out with a loud voice, saying, “My God, My God, why have You forsaken me?” Jesus, knowing that everything was now accomplished, fulfilled scripture when He said, “I thirst.” The soldiers ridiculed Jesus as they offered Him vinegar by saying, “If you are the king of the Jews, save yourself.”
Jesus tasted the vinegar, then called out, “It is finished. Father, into your hands I commit my spirit.” Then He bowed His head, and let His spirit go.
As He died, the sun darkened and the earth quaked, and the thick veil of the Temple ripped down the middle. Now when the Roman captain in charge saw what happened, he said, “Truly this man was the Son of God.”
Then the soldiers came and broke the legs of the two thieves who were hanging on the crosses beside Jesus.
But when the soldiers saw that Jesus was already dead, they didn’t break His legs. Instead, one of them pierced His side with a spear, allowing blood and water to pour out. All of this happened so that the Scriptures would be fulfilled: “None of His bones will be broken,” and “They shall look on Him whom they pierced.”
Afterwards, two believers (Joseph and Nicodemus) took Jesus’ body, wound it in linen grave clothes dipped in spices, and laid His body in a tomb. Then, as requested by the Jewish leaders, the tomb was sealed and guarded by Roman soldiers.
Now, after three days, there was a great earthquake, and an angel of the Lord rolled back the stone from the tomb’s door. In fright, the Roman soldiers trembled and then ran away. When followers of Jesus came to the tomb and saw the stone moved, they were confused.
Suddenly, two men stood by them in shining garments, saying, “Why are you looking for the living among the dead? He is not here, He is risen. Remember how He told you before that He must be delivered into the hands of sinful men and be crucified, and the third day rise again?”
Then they remembered His words. The same day in the evening, Jesus came to the disciples and stood among them and said, “Peace to you.” But they were terrified, thinking that they were seeing a spirit.
So He said, “Look at my hands and my feet, it is really Me. Touch me and see, for a spirit doesn’t have flesh and bones, like you see I have. Everything happened as I told you it would because all the writings that described me in the law of Moses, and in the Prophets, and in the Psalms, had to be fulfilled.”
Then He opened their understanding, saying, “It is written in the Scriptures that Christ must suffer and rise from the dead the third day; and that repentance and forgiveness of sins should be preached in His name among all nations. And you have seen these things.”
Jesus continued appearing to many people, showing them that He was alive, which gave infallible proof of His resurrection. And He instructed His disciples, “Go into all the world and preach the Gospel.”
At the end of forty days, Jesus announced to His disciples, “You shall receive power after the Holy Spirit comes upon you, and you shall tell others about Me, both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and to the uttermost part of the earth.”
As they watched, Jesus was taken up, and a cloud took Him out of their sight. Two men in white clothing said, “Why are you standing there staring up into heaven? This same Jesus, who was just taken up into heaven, shall come back again in the same manner as you saw Him go.”
1. Triumphal Entry – John 11.55-12.1
1. Cursing Of The Fig Tree – Matt 21.18-19a
1. Withered Fig Tree – Matt 21:19-22
2. Official Challenge Of Christ’s Authority – Matt 21:23-27
3. The Olivet Discourse – Matt 24-25
1. Arrangements For Betrayal – Matt 26.1-5, Mark 14, Luke 21.37-22.2
1. The Last Supper – Matt 26, Mark 14, Luke 22, John 13
2. The Upper Room Discourse – John 14-17
· Jesus betrayed, arrested, and forsaken
Matt 26:47–56, Mark 14:43–52, Lk 22:47–53, Jn 18:2–12
o First Jewish phase, before Anna – Jn 18:13–24
o Second Jewish phase, before Caiaphas and the Sanhedrin – Matt 26.57-58
o Peter’s denials – Matt 26:69–75, Mk 14:66–72, Lk 22:55–65, Jn 18:25
o Third Jewish phase, before the Sanhedrin – Matt 27:1, Mk 15:1a, Lk 22:66
· Remorse and suicide of Judas Iscariot (Acts 1:18–19) Matt 27:3–10
· Trial continues
o First Roman phase, before Pilate – Matt 27:2,11–14, Jn 18:28–38
o Second Roman phase, before Herod Antipas – Lk 23:6–12
o Third Roman phase, before Pilate – Matt 27:15–26, Lk 2313-25
· Laws broken in the course of Jesus arrest, trial and murder
o Trials could only occur in public places, not in palaces or homes
o Trials could not occur on Passover Eve, Passover, Feast Days or at NIGHT
o Sentencing could only occur the day AFTER a trial
o Witnesses were manufactured
o Two or three credible, agreeing witness were needed to condemn a man
· Many falsely testified and none agreed – Mk 14.56
o Arrests could not be made at night
o The Sanhedrin did not have authority to produce criminal charges, only to investigate them
o The Sanhedrin had already predetermined the verdict and sentence
o Jesus was subjected to ruthless cruelty and not shown the mercy afforded under Jewish law
o The charges against Jesus changed throughout the course of His trial
o Christ was not permitted to defend himself which was allowed under Jewish law
o The Sanhedrin pronounced a death penalty which it did not have the authority to do
o Pilate had Jesus flogged even while stating that he had found nothing guilty about Jesus
· Mockery by the Roman soldiers
Matt 27:27–30, Mk 15:16–19
· Journey to Golgotha
Matt 27:31–34, Mk 15:20–23, Lk 23:26–33a, Jn 19:17
· First 3 hours of crucifixion
Matt 27:35–44, Mk 15:24–32, Lk 23:33b–43, Jn 19:18–27
· Last 3 hours of crucifixion – Matt 27:45–50, Mk 15:33–37
Lk 23:44–45a, 46; Jn 19:28–30
· Witnesses of Jesus’ death
Matt 27:51–56, Mk 15:38–41, Lk 23:45b, 47–49
· Certification of death and procurement of the body
Matt 27:57–58, Mk 15:42–45, Lk 23:50–52, Jn 19:31–38
· Jesus’ body placed in a tomb
Matt 27:59–60, Mk 15:46, Lk 23:53–54, Jn 19:39–42
· Tomb watched by the women and guarded by the soldiers
Matt 27:61–66, Mk 15:47, Lk 23:55–56
· The Empty Tomb visited by the women – Matt 28:1, Mk 16:1
· The stone rolled away – Matt 28:2–4
· The tomb found to be empty by the women
Matt28:5–8, Mk 16:2–8, Lk 24:1–8, Jn 20:1
· The tomb found the be empty by Peter and John
Lk 24:9–11, Jn 20:2–10
· Appearance to Mary Magdalene – Jn 20:11–18
· Appearance to the other women – Matt 28:9–10
· Report of the soldiers to the Jewish authorities – Matt 28:11–15
· Appearance to two disciples traveling to Emmaus – Lk 24:13–32
· Report of the two disciples to the rest (1 Cor. 15:5a) – Lk 24:33–35
· Appearance to the 10 assembled disciples – Lk 24:36–43, Jn 20:19–25
· Appearance to the 11 assembled disciples (1 Cor. 15:5b) – Jn 20:26–31
· Appearance to the 7 disciples while fishing – Jn 21:1–25
· Appearance to the 11 in Galilee (1 Cor. 15:6) – Matt 28:16–20
· Appearance to James, His brother (1 Cor. 15:7)
· Appearance to the disciples in Jerusalem (Acts 1:3–8) – Lk 24:44–49
· THE ASCENSION
· Christ’s parting blessing and departure (Acts 1:9–12) – Lk 24:50–53