There are seven Feasts that have been observed for centuries by the Jewish people. Leviticus 23:1–2
Four feasts occur in the spring and are connected to Jesus’ first appearance on earth. They are Passover, Unleavened Bread, First Fruits, and Weeks.
Three feasts in the fall are bunched into fifteen days. They are the Trumpets, the Day of Atonement, and Tabernacles.
Passover (Fulfilled) Leviticus 23:5
Passover points to Jesus as the Passover lamb. 1 Cor 5:7
Jesus’ blood serves as our covering against the justice brought against us due to our sin.
Jesus was crucified on the day the Jews slaughtered lambs in preparation for Passover the next day.
The feast looked to recall how the Israelites were not able to add yeast to their bread as they fled from Egypt (Ex. 12:33-34).
The prohibition against eating leavened bread during the feast was severe; all of it had to be removed from the Israelites homes.
Jesus would have been buried on the 15th of Nisan and thus on the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread.
The burial of Jesus then concluded the Messiah’s sinless life and He became the perfect sacrifice.
First Fruits (Fulfilled)
The feast of Firstfruits is on the 17th of Nisan. On this day the harvest was celebrated by waving a sheaf of the first ripened grain before the LORD.
Jesus rose from the dead on the third day and therefore on the feast of Firstfruits.
His resurrection was like a wave offering before the Father that signaled that there would be many more to follow (Rom. 8:23).
Paul refers to Jesus as the “firstfruits” of the dead (1 Cor 15:20).
This feast commemorated the birth of the nation of God’s Chosen people when Moses received the 10 commandments on Sinai.
The next “holy nation”, the Church was also born on this day.
Feast of Trumpets or Rosh Hashanah (Yet to be fulfilled)
The Feast of Trumpets, or Rosh Hashanah, is the first fall feast.
Scripture never tells us what this feast was meant to commemorate but many connect this to the rapture, when Jesus appears as He returns for the Church, as it is announced by the blast of a trumpet. 1 Thessalonians 4:13–18 ; 1 Corinthians 15:52
The feast is associated with God’s coming judgment. Joel 2:1
Day of Atonement (Yet to be fulfilled)
Yom Kippur or the Day of Atonement is observed on the 10th of Tishri and is the most holy day among the Israelites.
This is the last of the high holy days and also the last opportunity during the year for sins to be confessed and atoned for.
The Second Coming of Messiah fits the fulfillment of the Day of Atonement best.
Feast of Tabernacles or Booths (Yet to be fulfilled)
The feast memorialized the Israelites living in tabernacles when the LORD brought them out of Egypt (Lev. 23:43). Micah 4:1–5
Jesus will come to reign for 1,000 years on earth and ultimately live with His people (tabernacle) for all eternity in the new heavens and new earth. Revelation 19:11–15
Jesus is flesh and dwells among us: John 1:14 The Greek literally means to abide in a tabernacle. During the Messianic age there will still be unbelievers on earth and they will be forced to celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles or Messiah will allow no rain to fall on their land. Zechariah 14